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ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ Cambodia: EU mission assesses human rights and labour situation ថ្ងៃ​ព្រហស្បតិ៍ 12 ខែកក្កដា 2018

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European Commission – Press release

Cambodia: EU mission assesses human rights and labour situation

Brussels, 12 July 2018

A delegation of the European Commission and the European External Action Service (EEAS) visited Cambodia from 5 to 11 July 2018 to evaluate the situation on the ground following recent worrying human rights and labour rights developments in the country.

The European Union will now analyse as a matter of priority the information gathered during the mission to consider further steps. This analysis will also take into account further written submissions from the Cambodian authorities, reports of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and other bodies responsible for monitoring the implementation by Cambodia of the international conventions relevant to the EU duty-free trade scheme Everything But Arms (EBA). The EBA trade scheme allows Cambodia to export all products (except arms and ammunition) into the EU, free of quotas and tariffs.

Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmström said: “The EU is proud to provide the most economically vulnerable countries of the world with free access to our market. The Everything But Arms initiative has had a significant impact on development and poverty eradication in Cambodia. Nevertheless, the recent worrying developments in the country have called for a closer assessment of whether Cambodia is fulfilling its commitments. The discussions and information gathering during our EU mission have focused on the serious decline in the area of political and electoral rights, as well as a curbing of civil society activities. There are also deficiencies when it comes to land dispute resolution mechanisms, and serious threats to freedom of association and collective bargaining rights. In the trade policy of the European Union, social justice is a vital aspect, including the respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and labour standards. Following the fact-finding mission, we will now analyse the facts in detail, and consider further steps. Removing Cambodia from the trade scheme is a measure of last resort, if all our other efforts have failed to address these concerns.”

The EU delegation met with several members of the Cambodian government, as well as trade unions, civil society, businesses, and the United Nations (UN) and International Labour Organisation (ILO) representatives in the country.

Background

Under the EBA arrangement of the Generalised Scheme of Preferences the EU unilaterally grants exporters from the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) tariff-free and quota-free access to its market for all products (except arms and ammunition) with the aim to contribute to the economic development of these countries and their integration into the global trading system.

The EBA has brought important benefits to the Cambodian economy. The EU is the main export destination, accounting for 40% of Cambodia’s overall exports. Cambodian exports to the EU have risen sharply in recent years, increasing by 227% between 2011 and 2016. In 2017, Cambodia’s total exports to the EU reached €5 billion, placing it second amongst all EBA beneficiaries. Out of all of Cambodia’s EBA-eligible exports, 95.5% were made under EBA preferences.

EBA has contributed in particular to significant job creation and growth in the textile sector, which accounts for 75% of Cambodia’s exports to the EU, providing employment for some of the most vulnerable sectors of Cambodian society.

The EU has stepped up its engagement with Cambodia (see the EU biennial GSP report of January 2018) in response to serious concerns about the continuing deterioration of democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law, as flagged also by the European Parliament (Resolution of 14 December 2017) and the Council (the EU Foreign Affairs Ministers’ Council of 26 February 2018).

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Read Also:
1. NGOS, Unions Urge Intervention in Cambodia’s Political Crisis Amid EU Fact-Finding Mission
2. បក្សកាន់អំណាច៖ EU ត្រូវដឹងសភាពការណ៍កម្ពុជា មិនត្រូវចាប់បង្ខំឡើយ

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ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ NGOS, Unions Urge Intervention in Cambodia’s Political Crisis Amid EU Fact-Finding Mission ថ្ងៃពុធ 11 ខែកក្កដា 2018

Posted by សុភ័ក្ត្រ in ប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រ, អំពីស្រុកខ្មែរ, English.
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NGOs and unions are calling on the European Union to help resolve Cambodia’s political crisis ahead of a general election this month, as a delegation from the bloc wraps up a fact-finding mission to assess the country’s compliance with its human rights obligations as dictated by a tariff-free export scheme.

Nearly a dozen commissioners from the EU were set to meet with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Wednesday, according to local media reports, in the delegation’s last stop on its seven-day mission to determine whether to suspend Cambodia from its Everything But Arms (EBA) scheme, under which all exports to the bloc are tariff-free, with the exception of weapons.

Since the mission began on July 4, delegates have met with several local rights groups and trade unions, as well as Te Chanmono—the wife of the now-dissolved main opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) President Kem Sokha, who has been held in prison since his arrest in September on charges of treason—to discuss Cambodia’s rights record and the state of democracy in the country.

Cambodia’s Supreme Court dissolved the CNRP in November over allegations it was involved in a plot to topple the government, stripping the party’s officials of their posts and banning many lawmakers from politics for five years. The CNRP’s seats in parliament were distributed to government-friendly parties that had been rejected by voters.

The dissolution of the CNRP and the arrest of Kem Sokha, as well as a months-long crackdown on NGOs and the independent media, are measures widely seen as part of a bid by Prime Minister Hun Sen to ensure that his ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) stays in power in Cambodia following the July 29 general election. Hun Sen marks 33 years in office this year.

Soeung Sen Karona, spokesman for local rights group Adhoc, told RFA’s Khmer Service Wednesday that he and other NGO representatives met with EU delegates on July 6 and expressed their concerns over ongoing rights violations in Cambodia.

He said the mission had “accepted our concerns” and pledged to include them in its findings to the European Commission for consideration on whether the EU should reconsider preferential trade treatment for Cambodia.

“We also requested that the EU intervene and pressure the Cambodian government to respond to its recommendation to restore democracy in the country, or lose economic benefits from EBA scheme,” he said.

Coalition of Cambodian Apparel Workers’ Democratic Union President Ath Thon told RFA that EU delegates met with representatives of his union and other independent unions on July 9 and asked them about the status of freedom of expression and assembly in Cambodia, as well as restrictions on labor rights.

“[We told them that] we want more freedom for unions and workers,” Ath Thon said, adding that he and other union representatives had urged the EU to pressure Cambodia’s government on their behalf.

“We also want better working conditions and benefits for workers.”

Ath Thon said that the union representatives did not have time to speak with the delegates about their assessment of whether the EU should suspend the EBA scheme.

A day later, delegates met with Te Chanmono, senior CNRP official Muth Chantha confirmed in a post on his Facebook page, saying that members of the fact-finding mission had “expressed concerns over the continued detention of Kem Sokha and demanded that he be released immediately.”

EU mission

EU ambassador to Cambodia George Edgar confirmed to RFA that the delegation met with a wide variety of stakeholders during its visit.

“The mission has met a range of interlocutors from government, civil society, labour unions, the private sector and the international community,” he wrote in an email.

“The purpose has been to learn more about the situation in Cambodia in terms of human rights and labour rights, in the context of the EU’s enhanced engagement with Cambodia under the Everything But Arms arrangement. The information gathered by the mission will feed into the decision making process in the European Commission and the European External Action Service.”

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1. Cambodia: EU mission assesses human rights and labour situation

Garment workers pressured to vote in looming Cambodia elections ថ្ងៃ​ព្រហស្បតិ៍ 5 ខែកក្កដា 2018

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Voters apathetic after opposition party outlawed; turnout will hint at legitimacy

PHNOM PENH — With Cambodia’s national elections fast approaching, garment workers who had largely backed the opposition in the last poll say they are being coerced to vote and face hostility if they abstain, as the ruling party tries to paint the ballot as democratic.

Few groups have received Prime Minister Hun Sen’s attention like the 700,000-strong garment sector. Many of these workers voted for the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party in 2013 and took part in post-election protests that led to the deaths of at least five people when security forces fired into the crowds. The CNRP, the only realistic threat to Hun Sen’s 33-year reign, was outlawed last year.

Now workers in the garment sector say they are being hassled by bosses to cast their votes on July 29 or face consequences. A garment worker who only wanted to be identified as Sreymom on fears for her job said a supervisor warned that factory bosses would check for evidence that staff had voted.

“I heard that we need to show the management team our fingers. If they are not inked, we will face problems,” said Sreymom who voted for CNRP in 2013. “If the management tells us when to leave, I have to obey.”

Despite the dissolution of the CNRP and the imprisonment of its leader, Kem Sokha, on widely discredited claims the party was attempting to wage a U.S.-backed revolution, the ruling Cambodian People’s Party has been anxious to present the upcoming election as legitimate.

Fearful of a drastically lower voter turnout in comparison to the last national and community elections, Hun Sen has been making efforts to ensure Cambodians do not pay heed to a “clean fingers” campaign waged by exiled opposition figures calling for the electorate to boycott the vote. One CPP official, Ieng Mouly, has called anyone who refuses to vote a “traitor.” Very few of the roughly 1.5 million Cambodian migrant workers are also expected to return home to vote.

Hun Sen has attempted to win favor with workers since the 2013 ballot with wage hikes, bonuses and free transport. The Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training last month instructed factories to give workers three days off on full pay to cast their votes.

But it’s not yet clear how many workers will indeed use their holiday to cast their vote for the CPP or one of 19 other minor opposition parties, some of which have been accused of being “puppet parties” of the incumbent.

Sreymom said she would return to her home province of Prey Veng on the Vietnamese border to avoid any repercussions. “I am afraid they will label me as an opposition supporter,” she said. “These days, you don’t want to be outspoken or in the spotlight alone. You need to follow the trend so that you are not targeted.”

Bun Chanda, 30, who earns around $200 a month in a Phnom Penh factory, said the deadly crackdown on post-election protesters in January 2014 had instilled fear among garment workers.

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ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ US and EU bolster threat of sanctions before Cambodian elections ថ្ងៃអង្គារ 26 ខែមិថុនា 2018

Posted by សុភ័ក្ត្រ in ប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រ, English.
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As China makes Hun Sen rich, the West reminds him who buys his country’s exports

PHNOM PENH — As Cambodia tilts ever further toward Beijing, looming western sanctions are making many of its leaders, including Prime Minister Hun Sen, nervous.

The U.S. and Europe, whose markets buy almost two-thirds of Cambodia’s exports, are edging closer to taking away tariff-free access to their huge markets.

Now in his 34th year of power, Prime Minister Hun Sen has moved further into Beijing’s embrace. He also appears stronger than ever; late last year, a court dissolved the country’s main opposition party at the government’s request.

Both the U.S. and European Union have warned of harsh sanctions on top leaders as well as the cancellation of lucrative tariff-free access to their markets if the Cambodia National Rescue Party is not reinstated and its jailed leader, Kem Sokha, released before the July 29 national elections.

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ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ New Zealand Calls on International Community to Work for Cambodia Rights, Democracy ថ្ងៃពុធ 20 ខែមិថុនា 2018

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A screenshot from the UN Web TV shows Jarrod Clyne, deputy permanent representative of New Zealand, talks during 38th Regular Session Human Rights Council, June 19, 2018. (Web screenshot)

A screenshot from the UN Web TV shows Jarrod Clyne, deputy permanent representative of New Zealand, talks during 38th Regular Session Human Rights Council, June 19, 2018. (Web screenshot)

The Council also urged the release of Kem Sokha, the CNRP president who was jailed in September on treason charges for his supposed role in an alleged plot to overthrow Hun Sen.

WASHINGTON DC —

New Zealand has led several nations at the U.N. Human Rights Council in issuing a joint statement urging action on Cambodia’s deteriorating human rights situation.

Jarrod Clyne, Chargé d’Affaires of the New Zealand Mission in Geneva, said in a statement issued this week that the Council does not consider the current political environment in Cambodia “conducive to holding free, fair and genuine national elections.”

Cambodians are due to go to the polls on July 29 for the first time since 2013. Ahead of the election, the ruling Cambodian People’s Party, led by Prime Minister Hun Sen, has overseen an anti-democratic campaign against the country’s main opposition party, the Cambodia National Rescue Party, which has been dissolved and several of its leaders jailed or facing legal proceedings.

“An electoral process from which the main democratic opposition party has been arbitrarily excluded cannot be considered genuine or guarantee the free expression of the will of the voters,” Clyne said at the Council meeting.

He added that as well as dissolving the opposition party, the government had led a crackdown on freedom of expression, which has included threats to journalists, media restrictions, and the use of the judiciary to carry out partisan political aims.

He urged the release of Kem Sokha, the CNRP president who was jailed in September on treason charges for his supposed role in an alleged plot to overthrow Hun Sen.

“We will look to further consideration by the Human Rights Council if the human rights situation does not improve,” he added.

Human Rights Watch, a U.S.-based rights group, echoed Clyne’s concerns in a statement released on Tuesday.

“We encourage the High Commissioner to keep the Human Rights Council informed through intersessional briefings, and the Council should put in place monitoring and reporting of the human rights situation in Cambodia before, during, and after the elections,” read the release.

The United States has ended its funding of Cambodia’s election process in protest at the crackdown, while both Washington and Brussels have imposed limited sanctions against the Hun Sen regime. The measures have included visa bans and the blacklisting of senior officials, including the head of Hun Sen’s Bodyguard Unit, General Hing Bun Hieng.

Members of the Bodyguard Unit are alleged to be behind the deadly 1997 grenade attack on an opposition rally in Phnom Penh that killed a U.S. citizen and left Sam Rainsy, the former head of the CNRP, injured. The unit was also responsible for the beating of two CNRP lawmakers outside parliament in 2015.

Nhay Chamroeun, one of the lawmakers targeted in the attack, said the sanctions against the Bodyguard Unit were important.

“I hope this is only the first example [of sanctions] and I hope they continue,” he said.

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Read Also:
1. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រ​៖ Joint Statement on the Human Rights Situation in Cambodia

ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ Treasury Sanctions Two Individuals and Five Entities Under Global Magnitsky ថ្ងៃអង្គារ 12 ខែមិថុនា 2018

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Designations Represent Latest Efforts to Isolate Serious Human Rights Abusers and Corrupt Actors from the US. Financial System
WASHINGTON – Today, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctioned Dominican Republic Senator Felix Ramon Bautista Rosario (Bautista) for engaging in corrupt acts, including in relation to reconstruction efforts in Haiti, and Cambodian General Hing Bun Hieng (Bun Hieng) for being the leader of an entity involved in serious human rights abuse, pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13818, which targets perpetrators of corruption and serious human rights abuse and corruption. OFAC also designated five entities owned or controlled by Bautista.

“These actions are part of our continuing campaign to hold accountable government officials and other actors involved in human rights abuse and corrupt activities.  Senator Bautista used his position to engage in corruption, including profiting off of humanitarian efforts related to rebuilding Haiti.  General Bun Hieng commanded a Cambodian unit that engaged in a series of human rights abuses, and was personally implicated in attacks against a number of individuals, including a U.S. citizen,” said Sigal Mandelker, Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence. “The United States will continue to use Global Magnitsky and our other authorities to ensure that corrupt actors and human rights violators cannot use our financial system to enable and support their abhorrent activities and exploit the innocent.”

GLOBAL MAGNITSKY

Building upon the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act of 2016, on December 20, 2017, the President signed E.O. 13818 “Blocking the Property of Persons Involved in Serious Human Rights Abuse or Corruption,” in which the President found that the prevalence of human rights abuse and corruption that have their source, in whole or in part, outside the United States, had reached such scope and gravity that it threatens the stability of international political and economic systems. Human rights abuse and corruption undermine the values that form an essential foundation of stable, secure, and functioning societies; have devastating impacts on individuals; weaken democratic institutions; degrade the rule of law; perpetuate violent conflicts; facilitate the activities of dangerous persons; and undermine economic markets. The United States seeks to impose tangible and significant consequences on those who commit serious human rights abuse or engage in corruption, as well as to protect the financial system of the United States from abuse by these same persons.

To date, 59 individuals and entities have been sanctioned under E.O. 13818. This is in addition to the numerous human rights and/or corruption related designations Treasury has issued under a number of sanctions programs, including actions taken yesterday in connection with migrant smuggling in Libya, and designations over the last month against Evin Prison, Ansar-e Hizballah and other human rights violators in Iran, officials in the IRGC-Qods Force disrupting humanitarian efforts in Yemen, Diosdado Cabello Rondon from Venezuela and members of his corruption network, and many others. Including today’s actions, OFAC has designated 33 individuals and entities related to human rights and corruption in just the last month. In total, since January of 2017, Treasury has taken action against over 460 individuals and entities engaged in activities related to, or directly involving, human rights abuse and/or corruption, including actions in connection with Syria, South Sudan, Democractic Republic of the Congo, Burma, Venezuela, North Korea, Russia, Iran, and other programs.

This Administration will continue to take action against human rights and corruption related targets around the globe, including implementing sanctions under Global Magnitsky and other authorities, throughout the year.

This week Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) issued an advisory on human rights abuses enabled by corrupt senior foreign political figures and their financial facilitators to warn financial institutions about the tactics and typologies they are using across the globe.

FELIX RAMON BAUTISTA ROSARIO

Bautista is a Senator from the Dominican Republic who has engaged in significant acts of corruption in both the Dominican Republic and Haiti, and who has been publicly accused of money laundering and embezzlement. Bautista has reportedly engaged in bribery in relation to his position as a Senator, and is alleged to have engaged in corruption in Haiti, where he used his connections to win public works contracts to help rebuild Haiti following several natural disasters, including one case where his company was paid over $10 million for work it had not completed.

In a related action, OFAC designated five entities in the Dominican Republic that are owned or controlled by Bautista: Constructora Hadom SA, Soluciones Electricas Y Mecanicas Hadom S.R.L., Seymeh Ingenieria SRL, Inmobiliaria Rofi SA, and Constructora Rofi SA.

HING BUN HIENG

Bun Hieng is the commander of Cambodia’s Prime Minister Bodyguard Unit (PMBU), a unit in the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces that has engaged in serious acts of human rights abuse against the people of Cambodia. The PMBU has been implicated in multiple attacks on unarmed Cambodians over the span of many years, including in 2013 at Wat Phnom and in 2015 in front of the National Assembly.  In the 2015 incident, only three members of the PMBU were sent to jail after they confessed to participating in an attack on opposition lawmakers, and were promoted upon their release.  Bun Hieng and the PMBU have been connected to incidents where military force was used to menace gatherings of protesters and the political opposition going back at least to 1997, including an incident where a U.S. citizen received shrapnel wounds.

As a result of these actions, any property, or interest in property, of those designated today within U.S. jurisdiction is blocked. Additionally, U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with blocked persons, including entities 50 percent or more owned by designated persons.

For identifying information on the individuals designated today.

https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/sm0411

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អាន​ផង​ដែរ​៖
១. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ ក្រសួងការបរទេសកម្ពុជា ចេញសេចក្ដីថ្លៃងការណ៍ច្រានចោល ការចោទប្រកាន់របស់ក្រសួងរតនាគារសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក មកលើឯកឧត្ដម នាយឧត្តមសេនីយ៍ ហ៊ីង ប៊ុនហៀង

ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិសាស្ត្រ​៖ Joint Statement on the Human Rights Situation in Cambodia ថ្ងៃពុធ 21 ខែ​មីនា 2018

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សូមគោរពលោកប្រធាន

ប្រទេសណូវែលសេឡង់ធ្វើសេចក្តីប្រកាសនេះ តាងនាមអោយក្រុមប្រទេសចំនួន ៤៥។ សំណៅទាំងមូលនៃសេចក្តីប្រកាសនេះ និងបញ្ជីនៃប្រតិភូដែលផ្តល់ការគាំទ្រនឹងត្រូវបានផ្សព្វផ្សាយតាម Extranet ។សហគមន៍អន្តរជាតិបានផ្តល់ការគាំទ្រដ៏ខ្លាំងដល់ការពង្រឹងលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនៅកម្ពុជា នៅក្នុងរយៈពេល ២៥ ឆ្នាំ ចាប់តាំងពីរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញរបស់ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាចែងពីលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យសេរីពហុបក្ស។ ក្នុងទសវត្សក្រោយមក យើងបានអបអរសាទរនឹងដំណើរជឿនលឿនរបស់ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ចាប់តាំងពីការចុះហត្ថលេខាលើកិច្ចព្រមព្រៀងទីក្រុងប៉ារីស នៅឆ្នាំ ១៩៩១។ សូចនាករល្អៗមានដូចជាការបោះឆ្នោតជាតិ នៅឆ្នាំ ២០១៣ និងការបោះឆ្នោតឃុំ ឆ្នាំ ២០១៧ ប្រកបដោយជោគជ័យ។

ក្នុងពេលដែលយើងកំពុងខិតទៅជិតដល់ការបោះឆ្នោត ដែលគ្រោងនឹងធ្វើនៅថ្ងៃទី ២៩ ខែកក្កដា ឆ្នាំនេះ សុទិដ្ឋិនិយមកន្លងមករបស់យើងបានប្រែក្លាយជាកង្វល់ដ៏ជ្រាលជ្រៅ លើការធ្លាក់ចុះយ៉ាងធ្ងន់ធ្ងរ ក្នុងពេលថ្មីៗនេះ នៃសិទ្ធិនយោបាយ និងសិទ្ធិរបស់ពលរដ្ឋ។ ជំហានដើរថយក្រោយទាំងនេះរួមមានសញ្ញានៃការគាបសង្កត់កាន់តែខ្លាំងឡើងទៅលើគណបក្សនយោបាយប្រឆាំង សង្គមស៊ីវិល និងប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយ។ យើងមានកង្វល់ដូចដែលត្រូវបានលើកឡើងដោយស្នងការជាន់ខ្ពស់ និងអ្នករាយការណ៍ពិសេស ស្តីពីសកម្មភាពរបស់រដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជា ដែលនឹងបំផ្លាញដល់ការរៀបចំការបោះឆ្នោតមួយដែលមានភាពសេរី ត្រឹមត្រូវ និងគួរអោយទុកចិត្តបាន នៅខែកក្កដា។ បើ រដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជាចង់រក្សាភាពស្របច្បាប់របស់ខ្លួន នោះការបោះឆ្នោតត្រូវតែមានភាពសេរី ត្រឹមត្រូវ និងគួរអោយទុកចិត្តបាន។

សន្ធិសញ្ញាអន្តរជាតិស្តីពីសិទ្ធិមនុស្សដែលត្រូវបានធ្វើសច្ចានុម័តដោយប្រទេសកម្ពុជានិងរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញនៃប្រទេសកម្ពុជាធានា ហើយសេចក្តីប្រកាសរបស់អាស៊ានស្តីពីសិទិ្ធមនុស្សបានបញ្ជាក់ពីសិទ្ធិសេរីភាពក្នុងការបញ្ចេញមតិ សេរីភាពក្នុងការចងក្រងគ្នាជាសមាគម និងសេរីភាពរបស់ពលរដ្ឋក្នុងការចូលរួមក្នុងរដ្ឋាភិបាល តាមរយៈការបោះឆ្នោត ដែលមានភាពសេរី ត្រឹមត្រូវ និងគួរអោយទុកចិត្តបាន ហើយត្រូវបានធ្វើតាមកាលកំណត់ និងមានតំលាភាព។ តែនៅក្នុងពេលប៉ុន្មានខែនេះ យើងបានកត់សំគាល់ឃើញដោយក្តីកង្វល់ថា៖

  • មានការបង្ក្រាបច្រើនលើផ្នែកសារព័ត៌មាន និងសង្គមស៊ីវិល នៅទូទាំងប្រទេស ដូចជាការបិទ ឬផ្អាកអង្គការមិនមែនរដ្ឋាភិបាល និងក្រុមហ៊ុនផ្នែកសារព័ត៌មានមួយចំនួន។
  • មេដឹកនាំគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិកម្ពុជា កឹម សុខាត្រូវបានចាប់ខ្លួន នៅថ្ងៃទី ៣ ខែកញ្ញា ឆ្នាំ ២០១៧ ហើយតាំងពីពេលនោះមក ត្រូវបានគេដកសិទ្ធិ ដូចជាសិទ្ធិក្នុងការជួបមេធាវីរបស់ខ្លួន សិទ្ធិក្នុងការការពារខ្លួនតាមរយៈជំនួយផ្លូវច្បាប់ តាមការជ្រើសរើសរបស់ខ្លួន។
  • ការដែលតុលាការបន្តមិនដោះលែងលោក កឹម សុខាអោយនៅក្រៅឃុំ នៅក្នុងអំឡុងពេលនៃសវនាការ គឺជាកង្វល់មួយ ពិសេសក្នុងពេលដែលសុខភាពរបស់គាត់កាន់តែធ្លាក់ចុះ។
  • គណបក្សសង្រ្គោះជាតិកម្ពុជាត្រូវបានរំលាយដោយតុលាការកំពូល នៅថ្ងៃទី ១៦ ខែវិច្ឆិកា សមាជិកគណបក្សនេះចំនួន ១១៨ នាក់ត្រូវបានហាមមិនអោយធ្វើសកម្មភាពនយោបាយរយៈពេល ៥ ឆ្នាំ ហើយកៅអីនៅថ្នាក់ជាតិ និងថ្នាក់មូលដ្ឋានត្រូវបានបែងចែកទៅអោយសមាជិកដែលមិនបានជាប់ឆ្នោត មកពីគណបក្សគ្រប់គ្រងប្រទេស និងគណបក្សដទៃទៀត។

យើមានកង្វល់ជាពិសេសចំពោះស្ថានភាពរបស់មេដឹកនាំបក្សប្រឆាំង កឹម សុខា ដែលកំពុងជាប់ឃុំ បន្ទាប់ពីការចាប់ខ្លួគាត់តាមអំពើចិត្ត។ តាមសេចក្តីរាយការណ៍មក គាត់កំពុងស្ថិតក្នុងសភាពឯកកោ ដោយមិនសូវទទួលបានការថែទាំសុខភាព រងការតាមលួចមើល និងស្ថានភាពដទៃទៀត ដូចជាការបើកភ្លើងបំភ្លឺរហូត។ យើងសូមអំពាវនាវអោយមានការដោះលែងអ្នកទោសនយោបាយទាំងអស់ រួមទាំងលោក កឹម សុខាផង។
យើងសូមអំពាវនាវអោយប្រទេសកម្ពុជា៖

  • លុបចោលការរំលោយគណបក្សសង្គ្រោះជាតិកម្ពុជា និងអោយសមាជិកជាប់ឆ្នោតទាំងអស់ចូលកាន់កៅអីរបស់គេនៅថ្នាក់ជាតិ និងថ្នាក់ឃុំឡើងវិញ ហើយ
  • លុបចោលវិសោធនកម្មច្បាប់ស្តីពីគណបក្សនយោបាយ ដែលកំណត់ហេតុផលមិនសូវច្បាស់លាស់សំរាប់ធ្វើការរំលាយគណបក្សនយោបាយ។

ដំណើរការបោះឆ្នោតមួយដែលគណបក្សប្រឆាំងធំជាងគេដែលប្រកាន់តាមលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ ត្រូវបានគេផាត់ចេញតាមអំពើចិត្ត មិនអាចត្រូវបានចាត់ទុកថា មានភាពស្របច្បាប់ ត្រឹមត្រូវបានទេ។

យើងសូមអំពាវនាវអោយរាជរដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជាចាត់វិធានការចាំបាច់ទាំងអស់ ដើម្បីកុំអោយហួសពេលទាន់ នៅក្នុងការធានាថា ការបោះឆ្នោតឆ្នាំ ២០១៨ ខាងមុខនេះមានភាពសេរី ត្រឹមត្រូវ និងគួរអោយទុកចិត្តបាន។ ជាពិសេស យើងសូមអោយការបោះឆ្នោតនេះប្រព្រឹត្តទៅនៅក្នុងបរិយាកាមានសសន្តិភាព ដោយគ្មានការគំរាមកំហែង ការចាប់ខ្លួនតាមអំពើចិត្ត ឬគ្មានការគំរាមកំហែង និងសូមអំពាវនាវអោយមានការគោរព ការពារ និងបំពេញតាមកាតព្វកិច្ចសិទ្ធិមនុស្សជាអន្តរជាតិទាំងអស់ ដែលមានសារៈសំខាន់សំរាប់ធានាអោយការបោះឆ្នោតមានជោគជ័យ ដូចជាសេរីភាពក្នុងការបញ្ចេញមតិ សេរីភាពសារព័ត៌មាន សេរីភាពក្នុងការចងក្រងគ្នាជាក្រុម ជាសមាគម និងប្រមូលផ្តុំគ្នាដោយសន្តិភាព។

លើសពីនេះទៀត យើងសូមអំពាវនាវអោយរាជរដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជាកុំប្រើវិធានការផ្លូវរដ្ឋបាល ផ្លូវហិរញ្ញវត្ថុ និងផ្លូវតុលាការ ធ្វើជាឧបករណ៍នយោបាយប្រឆាំងនឹងគណបក្សប្រឆាំង ប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយ សង្គមស៊ីវិល និងអ្នកការពារសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស ហើយសូមអំពាវនាវអោយកែប្រែឡើងវិញនូវច្បាប់ស្តីពីសមាគម និងអង្គការមិនមែនរដ្ឋាភិបាល ច្បាប់ស្តីពីសហជីព ក្រមព្រហ្មទណ្ឌកម្ពុជា និងវិសោធនកម្មថ្មីៗទៅលើរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ។ បរិយាកាសនយោបាយត្រូវតែជាបរិយាកាសមួយ ដែលនៅក្នុងនោះ គណបក្សប្រឆាំង សង្គមស៊ីវិល និងប្រព័ន្ធផ្សព្វផ្សាយអាចដំណើរការទៅ អាចបំពេញតួនាទីស្របច្បាប់របស់គេ ដោយគ្មានការភ័យខ្លាច ការគំរាមកំហែង ឬការរឹតត្បិតតាមអំពើចិត្តទេ។

យើងមានការលើកទឹកចិត្តដោយទស្សនកិច្ចនៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ក្នុងពេលថ្មីៗនេះ របស់អ្នករាយការណ៍ពិសេសរបស់អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ ពីថ្ងៃទី ៥ ដល់ថ្ងៃទី ១៤ ខែមិនា។ យើងសូមលើកទឹកចិត្តអោយរដ្ឋាភិបាល កម្ពុជាយកចិត្តទុកដាក់ចំពោះអនុសាសន៍របស់អ្នករាយការណ៍ពិសេស ដែលគាត់បានផ្តល់នៅក្នុងអំឡុងពេលនៃទស្សនកិច្ចនេះ។ ទាក់ទងនឹងរឿងនេះ យើងសូមអោយប្រទេសកម្ពុជាចាត់វិធានការចាំបាច់ទាំងអស់ ក្នុងការការពារ និងទប់ស្កាត់អំពើគំរាមកំហែង និងការសងសឹកទៅលើអ្នកដែលធ្វើសហប្រតិបត្តិការជាមួយយន្តការសិទិ្ធមនុស្សរបស់អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ ដូចជាអ្នកការពារសិទិ្ធមនុស្ស និងអ្នកដទៃទៀតដែលមានតួនាទីក្នុងសង្គមស៊ីវិល។ យើងត្រៀមខ្លួនជាស្រេចក្នុងការផ្តល់ការគាំទ្រដល់ការអនុវត្តជំនួយដែលនឹងពង្រឹងប្រព័ន្ធលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យនៅ កម្ពុជា។

យើងសូមអោយសហគមន៍អន្តរជាតិបន្តយកចិត្តទុកដាក់ចំពោះស្ថានភាពសព្វថ្ងៃ នៅកម្ពុជា ហើយយើងចង់អោយក្រុមប្រឹក្សាសិទ្ធិមនុស្សធ្វើការពិចារណាបន្ថែមទៀត បើសិនជាស្ថានភាពសិទ្ធិមនុស្សនៅមុនពេលបោះឆ្នោតខែកក្កដា គ្មានភាពល្អប្រើប្រសើរទេ។ យើងសូមលើកទឹកចិត្តអោយអគ្គស្នងការសិទ្ធិមនុស្សផ្តល់ព័ត៌មានថ្មីៗស្តីពីស្ថានភាពនៅកម្ពុជា នៅក្នុងកិច្ចប្រជុំផ្តល់ព័ត៌មាន នៅមុនកិច្ចប្រជុំខែមិថុនា របស់ក្រុមប្រឹក្សាសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស។

ក្នុងពេលដែលប្រទេសកម្ពុជាកំពុងដើរលើផ្លូវនៃការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍ យើងសូមអំពាវនាវអោយរដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជាបំពេញតាមការប្តេជ្ញាចិត្ត និងកាតព្វកិច្ចផ្នែកសិទ្ធិមនុស្ស ដើម្បីជំរុញលទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យសេរី ពហុបក្សពិតប្រាកដ ដូចដែលមានចែងនៅក្នុងរដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញនៃប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ដើម្បីជាប្រយោជន៍សំរាប់ប្រជាជនកម្ពុជាទាំងអស់។

សូមអរគុណលោកប្រធាន។

ប្រទេសគាំទ្រសេចក្តីប្រកាសនេះ ដែលត្រូវបានថ្លែងចេញកាលពីថ្ងៃទី ២១ មិនា ឆ្នាំ ២០១៨

1. Albania
2. Armenia
3. Australia
4. Austria
5. Belgium
6. Bosnia-Herzegovina
7. Bulgaria
8. Canada
9. Croatia
10. Cyprus
11. Czechia
12. Denmark
13. Estonia
14. Finland
15. France
16. Germany
17. Greece
18. Hungary
19. Iceland
20. Ireland
21. Israel
22. Italy
23. Latvia
24. Liechtenstein
25. Lithuania
26. Luxembourg
27. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
28. Malta
29. Marshall Islands
30. Montenegro
31. New Zealand
32. Netherlands
33. Norway
34. Poland
35. Portugal
36. Romania
37. Slovakia
38. Slovenia
39. Spain
40. Sweden
41. Switzerland
42. Ukraine
43. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
44. United States of America

_______________________________________________

English

Item 2 General Debate
37th Session of the Human Rights Council
Geneva, March 21, 2018

Mr. President,

New Zealand makes this statement on behalf of a group of 45 countries; the full version of the statement and the list of supporting delegations will be published on the extranet.

The international community has provided strong support for the development of democracy in Cambodia during the twenty-five years since the Constitution of Cambodia enshrined liberal multi-party democracy.  Over the intervening decades, we have applauded the progress Cambodia had made since the signing of the Paris Peace Agreements in 1991.  Positive indictors included a relatively successful national election in 2013, and communal elections in 2017.

As we near the elections scheduled for 29 July this year, our previous optimism has been replaced by deep concern about the recent serious decline of civil and political rights in Cambodia.  These backward steps include signs of escalating repression of the political opposition, civil society and media. We share the concerns highlighted by the High Commissioner and the Special Rapporteur about actions taken by the Cambodian government that will undermine the conduct of credible, free and fair elections in July.  For the Cambodian Government to retain its legitimacy, any elections must be free, fair and credible.

International human rights treaties ratified by Cambodia and the Constitution of Cambodia guarantee, and the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration affirms the rights of freedom of expression, freedom of association, and of citizens to participate in government through free, fair and credible elections that are periodic and transparent. However, we note with particular concern that in recent months:

  • There has been a significant clampdown on the press and civil society across the country, including the closure or suspension of several NGOs and independent media companies;
  • The Cambodia National Rescue Party leader Kem Sokha was detained on 3 September 2017, and since then has been deprived of his rights including access to his lawyers, and the right to defend himself through legal assistance of his own choosing.
  • The court’s continued unwillingness to release Kem Sokha on bail during judicial proceedings is of concern especially in light of his deteriorating health.
  • The CNRP was dissolved by the Supreme Court on 16 November, 118 CNRP members were banned from political activity for five years, and the CNRP’s local and national seats were reallocated to unelected members of the ruling and other parties.

We are particularly concerned about the conditions under which opposition leader Kem Sokha is being detained following his arbitrary arrest: he is reportedly in isolation, without adequate access to health care, subjected to intrusive observation, and other conditions, such as constant light.  We call for the immediate release of all political prisoners, including Kem Sokha.

We urge Cambodia to:

  • Reinstate the CNRP and all elected members to their national and communal seats, and to
  • Repeal the amendments to the Law on Political Parties which provided for expansive grounds for the dissolution of political parties.

An electoral process from which the main democratic opposition party has been arbitrarily excluded cannot be considered genuine or legitimate.

We call on the Royal Government of Cambodia to take all measures necessary, before it is too late, to ensure that the 2018 elections are free, fair and credible.  In particular, we urge that the elections take place in a peaceful environment without threats, arbitrary arrests or acts of intimidation, and that all international human rights obligations important for successful elections, such as rights to freedom of expression, press, association and peaceful assembly, are respected, protected and fulfilled.

Further, we urge the Royal Government of Cambodia to refrain from using judicial, administrative and fiscal measures as political tools against the opposition, the media, civil society and human rights defenders and to further revise: the Law on Associations and NGOs (LANGO); the Law on Trade Unions; the Cambodian Criminal Code; and recent amendments to the Constitution. The political environment must be one in which opposition parties, civil society and media can function are able to carry out their legitimate roles without fear, threats or arbitrary restrictions.

We were heartened by the UN Special Rapporteur on Cambodia’s country visit that took place from 5-14 March.  We strongly encourage the government of Cambodia to pay close attention to the Special Rapporteur’s recommendations from her recent visit. In this regard, we urge Cambodia to take all necessary measures to prevent and deter acts of intimidate and reprisals against those cooperating with the UN human rights mechanisms, including human rights defenders and other civil society actors. We stand ready to support the implementation of assistance that will strengthen Cambodia’s democratic systems.

We urge the continued attention of the international community to the current situation in Cambodia, and we will look to further consideration by the Human Rights Council if the human rights situation does not improve in the lead up to the elections in July. We encourage the High Commissioner for Human Rights to provide an update on the situation in Cambodia in an inter-sessional briefing ahead of the June session of the Human Rights Council.

As Cambodia continues along the path of development, we urge the government to fulfill human rights obligations and commitments, in furtherance of a genuine liberal multi-party democracy as envisaged in the Constitution of Cambodia for the benefit of all Cambodians.

Thank you Mr. President.

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