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សេចក្ដី​ថ្លែងការណ៍​រួម ទស្សន​កិច្ច​ផ្លូវ​រដ្ឋ​របស់​ឯក​ឧត្ដម មៃត្រីបាល សិរិសែន ប្រធានាធិបតី​នៃ​សាធារណ​រដ្ឋ​សង្គម​និយម​ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ​ស្រី​លង្កា នៅ​ព្រះ​រាជា​ណាចក្រ​កម្ពុជា ថ្ងៃសៅរ៍ 10 ខែសីហា 2019

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អានផងដែរ៖
១. ស្វាគមន៍​ឯកឧត្ដម មៃត្រីបាល សិរិសែន

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នាទី​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្តីប្រកាសព័ត៌មានក្រសួងការបរទេស និងសហប្រតិបត្តិការអន្តរជាតិ ថ្ងៃសុក្រ 7 ខែមិថុនា 2019

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61989213_1562747187189196_2140334936928813056_n62367766_1562747200522528_4650878879198609408_n62348439_1562747157189199_9190642118316523520_n61992926_1562747247189190_175804096735870976_n

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អាន​ផង​ដែរ ៖
១. នាទី​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៍ របស់អ្នកនាំពាក្យក្រសួងការបរទេស និងសហប្រតិបត្តិការអន្តរជាតិ

ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ Cambodia: EU launches procedure to temporarily suspend trade preferences ថ្ងៃចន្ទ 11 ខែ​កុម្ភៈ 2019

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European Commission – Press release

Cambodia: EU launches procedure to temporarily suspend trade preferences

Brussels, 11 February 2019

The EU has today started the process that could lead to the temporary suspension of Cambodia’s preferential access to the EU market under the Everything But Arms (EBA) trade scheme. EBA preferences can be removed if beneficiary countries fail to respect core human rights and labour rights.

Launching the temporary withdrawal procedure does not entail an immediate removal of tariff preferences, which would be the option of last resort. Instead, it kicks off a period of intensive monitoring and engagement. The aim of the Commission’s action remains to improve the situation for the people on the ground.

High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Vice President of the European Commission Federica Mogherini said: “Over the last eighteen months, we have seen the deterioration of democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law in Cambodia. In February 2018, the EU Foreign Affairs Ministers made clear how seriously the EU views these developments. In recent months, the Cambodian authorities have taken a number of positive steps, including the release of political figures, civil society activists and journalists and addressing some of the restrictions on civil society and trade union activities.However, without more conclusive action from the government, the situation on the ground calls Cambodia’s participation in the EBA scheme into question. As the European Union, we are committed to a partnership with Cambodia that delivers for the Cambodian people. Our support for democracy and human rights in the country is at the heart of this partnership.”

EU Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmström said: “It should be clear that today’s move is neither a final decision nor the end of the process. But the clock is now officially ticking and we need to see real action soon. We now go into a monitoring and evaluation process in which we are ready to engage fully with the Cambodian authorities and work with them to find a way forward. When we say that the EU’s trade policy is based on values, these are not just empty words. We are proud to be one of the world’s most open markets for least developed countries and the evidence shows that exporting to the EU Single Market can give a huge boost to their economies. Nevertheless, in return we ask that these countries respect certain core principles. Our engagement with the situation in Cambodia has led us to conclude that there are severe deficiencies when it comes to human rights and labour rights in Cambodia that the government needs to tackle if it wants to keep its country’s privileged access to our market.”

Following a period of enhanced engagement, including a fact-finding mission to Cambodia in July 2018 and subsequent bilateral meetings at the highest level, the Commission has concluded that there is evidence of serious and systematic violations of core human rights and labour rights in Cambodia, in particular of the rights to political participation as well as of the freedoms of assembly, expression and association. These findings add to the longstanding EU concerns about the lack of workers’ rights and disputes linked to economic land concessions in the country.

Today’s decision will be published in the EU Official Journal on 12 February, kicking off a process that aims to arrive at a situation in which Cambodia is in line with its obligations under the core UN and ILO Conventions:

– a six-month period of intensive monitoring and engagement with the Cambodian authorities;

– followed by another three-month period for the EU to produce a report based on the findings;

– after a total of twelve months, the Commission will conclude the procedure with a final decision on whether or not to withdraw tariff preferences; it is also at this stage that the Commission will decide the scope and duration of the withdrawal. Any withdrawal would come into effect after a further six-month period.

High Representative/Vice-President Mogherini and Commissioner Malmström launched the internal process to initiate this procedure on 4 October 2018. Member States gave their approval to the Commission proposal to launch the withdrawal procedure at the end of January 2019.

Background

The Everything But Arms arrangement is one arm of the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), which allows vulnerable developing countries to pay fewer or no duties on exports to the EU, giving them vital access to the EU market and contributing to their growth. The EBA scheme unilaterally grants duty-free and quota-free access to the European Union for all products (except arms and ammunition) for the world’s Least Developed Countries, as defined by the United Nations. The GSP Regulation provides that trade preferences may be suspended in case of “serious and systematic violation of principles” laid down in the human rights and labour rights Conventions listed in Annex VIII of the Regulation.

Exports of textiles and footwear, prepared foodstuffs and vegetable products (rice) and bicycles represented 97% of Cambodia’s overall exports to the EU in 2018. Out of the total exports of € 4.9bn, 99% (€ 4.8bn) were eligible to EBA preferential duties.

For More Information

MEMO: EU triggers procedure to temporarily suspend trade preferences for Cambodia

Trade relations with Cambodia

Generalised Scheme of Preferences

http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-882_en.htm

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អាន​ផង​ដែរ​៖
១. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្ដី​ថ្លែង​ការណ៍​របស់​រាជ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​កម្ពុជា​ឆ្លើយ​តប​នឹង​ការ​​សម្រេច​ចិត្ត​របស់​គណៈ​កម្មការ​អឺរ៉ុប​​ក្នុង​ការ​បើក​ដំណើរ​ការ​នីតិ​វិធី​ផ្លូវ​ការ​​សម្រាប់​ការ​ដក​ជា​បណ្ដោះ​អាសន្ន​​​នូវ​ប្រព័ន្ធ​អនុ​គ្រោះ​ពន្ធ​ «​គ្រប់​មុខ​ទំនិញ​លើក​លែង​តែ​គ្រឿង​​សព្វា​វុធ (EBA)» ពី​កម្ពុជា
២. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្ដី​ប្រកាស​ព័ត៌មាន​អំពី​សេចក្ដី​សម្រេច​របស់​គណៈ​កម្មការ​អឺរ៉ុប​ប្រកាស​អំពី​ដំណើរ​ការ​នីតិ​វិធី​ឈាន​ទៅ​ពិនិត្យ​លទ្ធភាព​ព្យួរ​ជា​បណ្ដោះ​អាសន្ន​នូវ​ប្រព័ន្ធ​អនុ​គ្រោះ​ពន្ធ​ក្រោម​កម្ម​វិធី «​គ្រប់​មុខ​ទំនិញ​លើក​លែង​តែ​សព្វា​វុធ (EBA)»

Cambodia Faces Next Trade-Sanctions Move by the European Union ថ្ងៃពុធ 23 ខែមករា 2019

Posted by សុភ័ក្ត្រ in អំពីស្រុកខ្មែរ, English.
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The European Union moved closer to imposing trade sanctions against Cambodia as a result of alleged human-rights violations in the country.

The European Commission in Brussels has asked EU national governments to give the green light by Jan. 29 for suspending a policy that lets Cambodia export all goods except weapons duty-free and quota-free to the bloc, according to two officials familiar with the matter. They spoke on the condition of anonymity because the deliberations are private.

Any go-ahead from EU national capitals would still leave a decision by the commission, the bloc’s executive arm, 12 months away. At stake is Cambodia’s place in the EU’s “Everything But Arms” initiative, the most generous part of the bloc’s Generalized Scheme of Preferences for poor countries around the world.

The EU’s Tariff Threats Against Asia’s Autocrats Risk Backfiring

The EU is trying to prod changes in the political behavior of strongman Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen while being wary of damaging the country’s economy, where a $5 billion garment industry employs 750,000 people and is the biggest exporter.

Hun Sen, who extended his 33-year rule last July when his party won a boycotted election, has so far struck a defiant tone with the European side.

The latest internal EU preparations to withdraw commercial benefits for Cambodia follow a Jan. 21 meeting between European Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom and Cambodian Foreign Minister Prak Sokhonn. The Everything But Arms — or EBA — accord featured in the talks.

“We discussed the EBA agreement and the possibility of a withdrawal of the tariff preferences,” Malmstrom said in a Twitter post after the meeting in the Belgian capital. “Reiterated our concerns on democracy, human rights and rule of law. The EU continues to keep the path of dialog open.”

The EU debate over revoking general trade benefits for Cambodia is separate from a decision by the bloc last week to impose tariffs on Cambodian rice for three years as a result of a surge in imports deemed to have hurt European rice producers.

— With assistance by Nikos Chrysoloras

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-22/cambodia-faces-next-trade-sanctions-move-by-the-european-union

ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ EU imposes safeguard measures on rice from Cambodia and Myanmar ថ្ងៃពុធ 16 ខែមករា 2019

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European Commission – Press release

EU imposes safeguard measures on rice from Cambodia and Myanmar

Brussels, 16 January 2019

An investigation has confirmed a significant increase of imports of Indica rice from Cambodia and Myanmar into the European Union that has caused economic damage to European producers.

The European Commission has therefore decided today to re-introduce import duties that will be steadily reduced over a period of three years.

According to the Commission’s decision, to be published in tomorrow’s Official Journal, as of 18 January the European Union will reinstate the normal customs duty on this product of €175 per tonne in year one, progressively reducing it to €150 per tonne in year two, and €125 per tonne in year three.

During the investigation launched in March 2018, the Commission found that imports of Indica rice from both countries combined have increased by 89% in the past five rice-growing seasons. At the same time, the investigation found that the prices were substantially lower than those on the EU market and had actually decreased over the same period. This surge in low-price imports has caused serious difficulties for EU rice producers to the extent that their market share in the EU dropped substantially from 61% to 29%.

Cambodia and Myanmar are beneficiaries of the EU’s Everything But Arms (EBA) trade scheme, which unilaterally grants duty-and quota-free access to the world’s least developed countries (apart from arms and ammunition). This is one pillar of the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) tariff-reduction scheme for developing countries. Today’s action is being taken using the safeguards mechanism of the GSP Regulation.

Background

The initial request for trade safeguards on rice imports was tabled by the Italian government in February 2018 and supported by all other EU rice growing Member States (Spain, France, Portugal, Greece, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria). The Commission opened a formal investigation on 16 March 2018. The measures will be in place for three years.

The decision will be published in the EU’s Official Journal on 17 January and will enter into force the following day.

http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-427_en.htm

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ឯកសារ​ពាក់​ព័ន្ធ ៖
១. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៍ ឆ្លើយតបនឹងសេចក្តីប្រកាសព័ត៌មានរបស់សហភាពអឺរ៉ុប ស្តីពីវិធានការការពារទីផ្សារដោយសហភាពអឺរ៉ុប មកលើអង្ករ (Indica Rice) នាំចេញពីកម្ពុជា 

ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៍របស់រាជរដ្ឋាភិបាលកម្ពុជា ស្តីពីវិធានការនានា ដើម្បីពង្រឹងលិទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ និងលំហរនយោបាយ ថ្ងៃចន្ទ 3 ខែធ្នូ 2018

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អាន​ផង​ដែរ​៖
១. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្ដី​ជូន​ដំណឹង អគ្គលេខាធិការដ្ឋាន​រដ្ឋ​សភា

ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៍ ឆ្លើយតបទៅនឹងសេចក្តីប្រកាសរបស់សហភាពអឺរ៉ុប ស្តីពីការអនុគ្រោះពន្ធគ្រប់មុខទំនិញលើកលែងសព្វាវុធ និងស្តីពីកម្ពុជា ថ្ងៃពុធ 10 ខែតុលា 2018

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អាន​ផង​ដែរ​៖
១. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ On Myanmar and Cambodia
២. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ EU trade action on Cambodia looms after unsuccessful talks
៣. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ EU plays hardball with Cambodian hardman
៤. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ គណៈប្រតិភូសភាកម្ពុជាសម្ដែងការខកចិត្ដយ៉ាងខ្លាំងចំពោះសហភាពអន្ដរសភា​ដែលមាន​លក្ខណៈ​លម្អៀង​មក​លើកម្ពុជា
៥. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ លទ្ធផលស្ដីពីការចូលរួមរបស់គណៈប្រតិភូសភាកម្ពុជាក្នុងមហាសន្និបាតសហភាពអន្ដរសភាលើកទី១៣៩ នៅប្រទេសស្វីស
៦. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្ដី​ថ្លែង​ការណ៍

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