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ប្រូប៉ាហ្កានដា ថ្ងៃសុក្រ 3 ខែមករា 2020

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ប្រូប៉ាហ្កានដា ដែល​ភាសា​អង់គ្លេស​សរសេរ​ថា propaganda ទំនង​ជា​​មិន​មាន​ន័យ​សមមូល​នឹង​ភាសា​ខ្មែរ​ទេ​។ អត្ថន័យ​ចម្បង​នៃ​ពាក្យ​ ប្រូប៉ាហ្កានដា នេះ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ភាសា​អង់គ្លេស សំដៅ​លើ​ព័ត៌មាន​, ឬ​ជា​ពិសេស​ដែល​មាន​លក្ខណៈ​លម្អៀង ឬ​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​យល់​ខុស ដែល​ជា​ទូទៅ​ត្រូវ​បាន​ប្រើ​ប្រាស់​បម្រើ​ឲ្យ​បុព្វហេតុ​នយោបាយ ឬ​ទស្សនៈ​ណា​មួយ​ ឬ​អាច​សម្រាយ​ដោយ​ខ្លី​ថា ជា​ការ​ឃោសនា​ឲ្យ​ជឿ​។

ពាក្យ​ ប្រូប៉ាហ្កានដា នេះ​ជា​រឿយ​ៗ ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​ប្រើ​ប្រាស់​ក្នុង​ន័យ​អវិជ្ជមាន​, ជា​ពិសេស​សម្រាប់​អ្នក​នយោបាយ​ដែល​ធ្វើ​ការ​អះអាង​មិន​ត្រឹម​ត្រូវ​ដើម្បី​ឲ្យ​ខ្លួន​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​បោះ​ឆ្នោត​ជូន ឬ​ការ​​ផ្សព្ធ​ផ្សាយ​ពាក្យ​ចចាមអារ៉ាម ដើម្បី​សម្រេច​គោល​បំណង​របស់​ខ្លួន​។ ជា​ការ​ពិត​ រាល់​យុទ្ធនាការ​ណា​ក៏​ដោយ ដែល​ប្រើ​ប្រាស់​សម្រាប់​អង្វរ ឬ​សុំ​ចិត្ត​ពី​ប្រជាជាន អាច​រាប់​បាន​ថា​ជា​ ប្រូប៉ាហ្កានដា ទាំង​អស់​។

សម្រាប់​វិស័យ​នយោបាយ​វិញ នៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​លោក​មិន​សេរី ប្រូប៉ាហ្កានដា ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​យក​ទៅ​ប្រើ​ប្រាស់​ជា​រឿយ​ៗ​​ស្ទើរ​គ្រប់​វត្ថុ​បំណង​ និង​ជា​ទូទៅ​តែង​បាន​ផល​ផង​​៕

ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៍របស់ក្រសួងការបរទេស និងសហប្រតិបត្តិការអន្តរជាតិ ពាក់ព័ន្ធនឹងការ ប្រគល់ជូនគណៈកម្មការអឺរ៉ុប ថ្ងៃ​ព្រហស្បតិ៍ 12 ខែធ្នូ 2019

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ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ Cambodia: European Commission finalises preliminary report on temporary suspension of trade preferences ថ្ងៃពុធ 13 ខែវិច្ឆិកា 2019

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CAMBODIA | Brussels, 12 November 2019

Cambodia: European Commission finalises preliminary report on temporary suspension of trade preferences

The European Commission sent today to the authorities of Cambodia a preliminary report outlining the findings of the investigation triggered in February 2019 under the procedure for a possible temporary withdrawal of Everything But Arms (EBA) trade preferences.

The Everything But Arms arrangement is one pillar of the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences, which unilaterally grants duty-free and quota-free access to the European market for all products (except arms and ammunition) from the world’s Least Developed Countries, as defined by the United Nations. These trade preferences may be suspended in case of “serious and systematic violation of principles” laid down in the human rights and labour rights Conventions listed in Annex VIII of the GSP Regulation.

Cambodia is the second-largest beneficiary of EBA trade preferences, accounting for over 18% of all imports coming into the EU market under the EBA scheme in 2018. EU imports from Cambodia totalled €5.3 billion in 2018, 95% of which entered the EU duty-free taking advantage of EBA preferences. Clothing and textiles account for around three quarters of EU imports from Cambodia (€4 billion).

In line with the rules outlined in the regulation on the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), Cambodia now has one month to react to this preliminary report. The Commission will then finalise the report and take a decision in February 2020 on whether or not to temporarily withdraw Cambodia’s tariff preferences.

The aim of the procedure is to address human rights and labour rights concerns in Cambodia. While the European Union remains committed to working with the Cambodian authorities on this aim, real and credible improvement on the issues of concern is needed in order to avoid the withdrawal of EBA preferences.

For more information:

Statement by the Spokesperson on the latest developments in Cambodia (11 November 2019)

MEMO: EU triggers procedure to temporarily suspend trade preferences for Cambodia (11 February 2019)

More on trade with Cambodia

More on the Everything but Arms trade preferences

https://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/press/index.cfm?id=2080&utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=facebook

សេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៍រួម​រវាងរាជរដ្ឋាភិបាលនៃព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា និងរដ្ឋាភិបាលនៃសាធារណរដ្ឋប្រជាធិបតេយ្យប្រជាមានិតលាវ ថ្ងៃសុក្រ 13 ខែកញ្ញា 2019

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សេចក្ដី​ថ្លែងការណ៍​រួម ទស្សន​កិច្ច​ផ្លូវ​រដ្ឋ​របស់​ឯក​ឧត្ដម មៃត្រីបាល សិរិសែន ប្រធានាធិបតី​នៃ​សាធារណ​រដ្ឋ​សង្គម​និយម​ប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ​ស្រី​លង្កា នៅ​ព្រះ​រាជា​ណាចក្រ​កម្ពុជា ថ្ងៃសៅរ៍ 10 ខែសីហា 2019

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អានផងដែរ៖
១. ស្វាគមន៍​ឯកឧត្ដម មៃត្រីបាល សិរិសែន

នាទី​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្តីប្រកាសព័ត៌មានក្រសួងការបរទេស និងសហប្រតិបត្តិការអន្តរជាតិ ថ្ងៃសុក្រ 7 ខែមិថុនា 2019

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អាន​ផង​ដែរ ៖
១. នាទី​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៍ របស់អ្នកនាំពាក្យក្រសួងការបរទេស និងសហប្រតិបត្តិការអន្តរជាតិ

ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ Cambodia: EU launches procedure to temporarily suspend trade preferences ថ្ងៃចន្ទ 11 ខែ​កុម្ភៈ 2019

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European Commission – Press release

Cambodia: EU launches procedure to temporarily suspend trade preferences

Brussels, 11 February 2019

The EU has today started the process that could lead to the temporary suspension of Cambodia’s preferential access to the EU market under the Everything But Arms (EBA) trade scheme. EBA preferences can be removed if beneficiary countries fail to respect core human rights and labour rights.

Launching the temporary withdrawal procedure does not entail an immediate removal of tariff preferences, which would be the option of last resort. Instead, it kicks off a period of intensive monitoring and engagement. The aim of the Commission’s action remains to improve the situation for the people on the ground.

High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Vice President of the European Commission Federica Mogherini said: “Over the last eighteen months, we have seen the deterioration of democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law in Cambodia. In February 2018, the EU Foreign Affairs Ministers made clear how seriously the EU views these developments. In recent months, the Cambodian authorities have taken a number of positive steps, including the release of political figures, civil society activists and journalists and addressing some of the restrictions on civil society and trade union activities.However, without more conclusive action from the government, the situation on the ground calls Cambodia’s participation in the EBA scheme into question. As the European Union, we are committed to a partnership with Cambodia that delivers for the Cambodian people. Our support for democracy and human rights in the country is at the heart of this partnership.”

EU Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmström said: “It should be clear that today’s move is neither a final decision nor the end of the process. But the clock is now officially ticking and we need to see real action soon. We now go into a monitoring and evaluation process in which we are ready to engage fully with the Cambodian authorities and work with them to find a way forward. When we say that the EU’s trade policy is based on values, these are not just empty words. We are proud to be one of the world’s most open markets for least developed countries and the evidence shows that exporting to the EU Single Market can give a huge boost to their economies. Nevertheless, in return we ask that these countries respect certain core principles. Our engagement with the situation in Cambodia has led us to conclude that there are severe deficiencies when it comes to human rights and labour rights in Cambodia that the government needs to tackle if it wants to keep its country’s privileged access to our market.”

Following a period of enhanced engagement, including a fact-finding mission to Cambodia in July 2018 and subsequent bilateral meetings at the highest level, the Commission has concluded that there is evidence of serious and systematic violations of core human rights and labour rights in Cambodia, in particular of the rights to political participation as well as of the freedoms of assembly, expression and association. These findings add to the longstanding EU concerns about the lack of workers’ rights and disputes linked to economic land concessions in the country.

Today’s decision will be published in the EU Official Journal on 12 February, kicking off a process that aims to arrive at a situation in which Cambodia is in line with its obligations under the core UN and ILO Conventions:

– a six-month period of intensive monitoring and engagement with the Cambodian authorities;

– followed by another three-month period for the EU to produce a report based on the findings;

– after a total of twelve months, the Commission will conclude the procedure with a final decision on whether or not to withdraw tariff preferences; it is also at this stage that the Commission will decide the scope and duration of the withdrawal. Any withdrawal would come into effect after a further six-month period.

High Representative/Vice-President Mogherini and Commissioner Malmström launched the internal process to initiate this procedure on 4 October 2018. Member States gave their approval to the Commission proposal to launch the withdrawal procedure at the end of January 2019.

Background

The Everything But Arms arrangement is one arm of the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), which allows vulnerable developing countries to pay fewer or no duties on exports to the EU, giving them vital access to the EU market and contributing to their growth. The EBA scheme unilaterally grants duty-free and quota-free access to the European Union for all products (except arms and ammunition) for the world’s Least Developed Countries, as defined by the United Nations. The GSP Regulation provides that trade preferences may be suspended in case of “serious and systematic violation of principles” laid down in the human rights and labour rights Conventions listed in Annex VIII of the Regulation.

Exports of textiles and footwear, prepared foodstuffs and vegetable products (rice) and bicycles represented 97% of Cambodia’s overall exports to the EU in 2018. Out of the total exports of € 4.9bn, 99% (€ 4.8bn) were eligible to EBA preferential duties.

For More Information

MEMO: EU triggers procedure to temporarily suspend trade preferences for Cambodia

Trade relations with Cambodia

Generalised Scheme of Preferences

http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-882_en.htm

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អាន​ផង​ដែរ​៖
១. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្ដី​ថ្លែង​ការណ៍​របស់​រាជ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​កម្ពុជា​ឆ្លើយ​តប​នឹង​ការ​​សម្រេច​ចិត្ត​របស់​គណៈ​កម្មការ​អឺរ៉ុប​​ក្នុង​ការ​បើក​ដំណើរ​ការ​នីតិ​វិធី​ផ្លូវ​ការ​​សម្រាប់​ការ​ដក​ជា​បណ្ដោះ​អាសន្ន​​​នូវ​ប្រព័ន្ធ​អនុ​គ្រោះ​ពន្ធ​ «​គ្រប់​មុខ​ទំនិញ​លើក​លែង​តែ​គ្រឿង​​សព្វា​វុធ (EBA)» ពី​កម្ពុជា
២. ឯកសារ​ប្រវត្តិ​សាស្ត្រ ៖ សេចក្ដី​ប្រកាស​ព័ត៌មាន​អំពី​សេចក្ដី​សម្រេច​របស់​គណៈ​កម្មការ​អឺរ៉ុប​ប្រកាស​អំពី​ដំណើរ​ការ​នីតិ​វិធី​ឈាន​ទៅ​ពិនិត្យ​លទ្ធភាព​ព្យួរ​ជា​បណ្ដោះ​អាសន្ន​នូវ​ប្រព័ន្ធ​អនុ​គ្រោះ​ពន្ធ​ក្រោម​កម្ម​វិធី «​គ្រប់​មុខ​ទំនិញ​លើក​លែង​តែ​សព្វា​វុធ (EBA)»

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